Nashville Music before Country (Images of America)
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Guide Nashville Music before Country (Images of America)
Main article: List of country music festivals. Music portal. Archived from the original on 9 September Ripani Eerdmans Publishing. Betsy Tower. Country Music U. Archived from the original on James recording sessions of —30". National Park Service ".
About the Country Music Hall of Fame® and Museum
Associated Press. McFarland — via Google Books.
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Our Georgia History. Nothing but the Blues: The Music and the Musicians. Abbeville Press. Archived from the original on 9 May Harvard University Press. Archived from the original on 25 January Nova Books. University Press of Kentucky. University of Illinois Press. University of California Press. Go, Cat, Go! Hyperion Books. Princeton University Press.
Nashville is America’s new party town as well as the home of country music
Go Cat Go! Archived from the original on 17 October Rolling Stone.
Retrieved 5 September Saturday Evening Post. Trucker's Jukebox covers the Country landscape: outlaw, honkey tonk, country-rock, Bakersfield sound, country comedy, truck driving country and more. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on March 5, Oxford music online. Billboard : Retrieved 25 April Reading Eagle.
Malone, Country Music, U.
Retrieved 31 October Wolff and O. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 21 February The New Yorker. Huffington Post. The Washington Times. Fox News. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 24 April Dallas Observer. Retrieved 27 January Taste of Country. The Women of Country Music. The Canberra Times.
History of Country Music | Vocabulary | EnglishClub
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Aspects of repertoire and style of the German, Czech, and Hispanic communities in the Southwest have been incorporated into the fiddling of that region and, by extension, into regional commercial country styles. The guitar had evolved in Europe by from a lute-like instrument, with paired strings, into its present form with six single strings. It was refined in America into two major styles: the flat-top, perfected by by C. Prior to the s the guitar had been a refined parlor instrument that was overshadowed in American popular music by chronologically the lute, minstrel banjo, mandolin, and tenor banjo.
By the end of the s, however, players were finding the guitar to be more versatile and better suited for the new music than the banjo. The first viable electric guitar was introduced by the Rickenbacker company in , giving guitarists the volume necessary to compete with other instruments in a big band setting. In Leo Fender of Fullerton, California, introduced an electric guitar with a body of solid wood that produced greater sustain and a sharper tone than the traditional arched-top design.
Invented in Europe in the s, the mouth harmonica has a series of chambers containing reeds that vibrate as the player inhales and exhales. Because most harmonicas are in a single key, it's not unusual to see a musician use a multiple of "harps" over the course of a night's performance. Derived from the ancient lutes of Renaissance Italy, the mandolin came into its present form as a short-necked instrument with eight paired strings in early eighteenth-century Naples, and it has endured as an important instrument in Italian popular music.
Minor composers of the time wrote music for the mandolin; later operatists such as Handel, Mozart, and Verdi scored occasional passages for the instrument when atmospheric touches were needed. Otherwise the mandolin was regarded as a minor-league instrument with limited possibilities. In the United States, mandolin orchestras, with mandolas, mando-cellos, and even an occasional mando-bass, were a popular feature of community life in many areas early in the twentieth century.
A few early recordings were made by soloists Valentine Abt and Samuel Siegel. Giovanni Vicari and Giovanni Giovale recorded some virtuoso pieces for Italian catalogues in the s. Russian-born Dave Apollon headed a crack mandolin ensemble that toured the vaudeville circuit and made two memorable records for Brunswick in Luthier Orville Gibson introduced the flat-backed, scroll-bodied mandolin in Bill Monroe became the mandolin's first country-style virtuoso and brought the instrument into new prominence when he joined the Grand Ole Opry in and featured it on his records in and thereafter.
His mandolin, combined with his group's instrumental and vocal blend, helped define the genre that later became known as bluegrass. By , however, the Monroe bluegrass model dominated.
Nashville Country Music Attractions to Visit
The piano is made up of a series of levers and linkages whose strings are hammered when activated by playing the keys with the fingers. An integral part of country music from its inception, the piano hit its stride with western swing in the mid s as typified by the playing of Moon Mullican.
Today, it is more common to hear an electric piano or a synthesizer than an actual acoustic piano on a country record. In Alvino Rey, a pop steel guitarist and leader of a big band, teamed with machinist John Moore to design a new type of electric steel guitar—one different from the nonpedal, solid-bodied, electric "lap" steels that were popular for nearly a decade and traced their origins in part to the wide use of steel guitars in the music of Hawaii.
The Gibson Guitar Company introduced this instrument as the "Electraharp," its pedals and mechanical system able to alter various string pitches to create smoothly voiced and modulated chords. The first country musician to take the instrument seriously was Speedy West, an obscure, California-based steel player who approached pattern-maker Paul Bigsby to build a three-neck, four-pedal model, which West acquired in February West first recorded with the instrument on Eddie Kirk's rendition of "Candy Kisses.
Fender began making pedal steels in , designed with the help of Speedy West. Sho-Bud models, however, became a favorite among country steel players due to their quality and the company's Nashville roots. Pedal steel designs gradually stabilized though many players had their own variations. Most had two eight-string necks, four or more pedals and two or three knee levers.
Many players tuned one neck to E9 suitable for commercial country accompaniment and one to C6 favored for western swing or jazz. In Nashville other pedal steel greats emerged, including Pete Drake, a Nashville "A-Team" member skilled at playing commercial accompaniment behind singers. Though pedal steel has risen and fallen in popularity through country's changing trends, it remains one of the music's most identifiable sounds. First used by African-Americans, the washboard or "rub-board" is played by moving a fork or thimbles over the board's corrugations to produce a loud, staccato rhythm.