Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching (Cambridge Language Teaching Library)
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Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching
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Language Activities for Teenagers. This third edition of Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching is an extensive revision of the popular and accessible text. Like previous editions, this book surveys the major approaches and methods in language teaching such as Grammar Translation, Audiolingualism, Communicative Language Teaching, and the Natural Approach. It examines each approach and method in terms of its theory of language and language learning, goals, syllabus, teaching activities, teacher and learner roles, materials, and classroom techniques. In addition, this third edition includes content on the teaching and learning environment, with chapters on learners and methods, teachers and methods, plus approaches, methods and the curriculum.
In the remaining chapters of this book we will attempt to 'make each of these features of approach, design, and procedure explicit with reference to the major iV language teaching approaches and methpcls in use today. In so doing, we will often have to infer from what method developers have written in order to determine precisely what criteria are being used for teaching activities, what claims are being made about learning theory, what type of syllabus is being employed, and so on.
The model presented here is not intended to imply that methodological 32 'igure 2. One can, for example, stumble on or invent a set of teaching procedures that' appehr to be successful and then later develop a design and a theoretical approach that explain of justify the procedures. Some methodologists would resist calling their proposals a method, although, if descriptions are possible at each of the levels described here, we would argue that what is -advocated has, in fact, the status of a method.
Let us now turn to the major approaches and teaching methods that are in use today and examine them according to how they reflect specific decisions at the levels of approach, design, and procedure. Bibliography and further reading Alexander, L. Allen, R. Close, and R. English Grammatical Structure. Anthony, E.
ISBN 13: 9780521008433
Approach, method and technique. English Language Teaching Los Gatos, Calif. Di Pietro. Instructional strategies: Their psychologi- cal and linguistics bases. International Review of Applied Linguistics 8: Breen, M. The essentials of a communicative curricu- lum in language teaching. Applied Linguistics 1 2 : The Elements of the Language Curriculum. Boston: Heinle 6C Heinle.
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Devine, and D. Interactive Approaches to Second Language Reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Curran, C. New York: Grune and Stratton. Counseling-Learning in Second Languages.
Apple River, New York: Oxford University Press. Fries, C. Foundations for English Teaching. Tokyo: Kenkyusha. Y Gattegno, C. New York: Educational Solutions. Gattegno, C. Appropriate Methodology.
Cambridge: Cambridge University press. Johnson, F. Individualizing in the Language Class- room. Cambridge, Mass. Communicative Syllabus Design and Methodology. Oxford- Pergamon. Oxford: Pergamon. Long, M. Three approaches to task-based syllabus design.
Prabhu, N. Procedural syllabuses. Singapore: Regional Language Centre. There is no best method - why? Beyond methods. Richards, The Language Teaching Matrix. Rivers W. Interactive Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cam- bridge University Press. Rodgers T. After methods, what? Aninan ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Stevick, E. Teaching Languages: A Way and Ways. Terrell, T.